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    Demonstration Research on Comprehensive Water Quality Monitoring in the Lake Tanganyika Basin

    2015-2-7 18:25:40   From:local   Author:admin   Click:2382
         The issue of water resources and eco-environment has been one of the major issues that seriously affect the sustainable development all over the world. China and Africa face a lot of common challenges such as the deterioration of environment, food safety problems, energy crisis, and public health threats. As a major developing economy, China has proactively promoted south-south cooperation in science and technology to tackle climate change and improve the living environment. In 2008, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of China and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Framework of Technical and Institutional Cooperation on Environment in Africa, kick-starting China-Africa cooperation projects on the environment. Then in 2011 the MOU was renewed to initiate the Phase-II cooperation projects. Under this framework, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology(NGLAS)has been entrusted to undertake two projects in the Lake Tanganyika Basin, involving water resources protection through capacity building, research, plan and demonstration of long-term water monitoring at the catchment scale.
         Lake Tanganyika is the deepest and largest of the three East African Great Rift Valley lakes. Its volume of 19,000 km3 is seven times that of Lake Victoria. Due to its rich biodiversity and fragile habitats the Lake has attracted scientists from across the world to conduct research programmes here. The NGLAS projects have complemented and enhanced the previous research, for they not only reveal that a long-term monitoring scheme on Lake Tanganyika helps to maintain a healthy lake ecosystem, but also provide affordable, low-maintenance, user-friendly means to do so in a less developed region. Through the projects the Chinese team shares their experiences and technologies in water monitoring and long-term monitoring network management; and a demonstration laboratory has been established with two sets of equipment donated by NGLAS to make long-term monitoring feasible at Kigoma, Tanzania. Besides, two training classes and several in-job training sessions have been conducted either in China or Tanzania in the past 6 years. Given the notable results, the projects have received high recognition of African partners as a paradigm of trilateral cooperation. 

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